Faraday discovered that the motion of a conductor in a magnetic field has electrical consequences that amount to the creation by induction of a voltage and a current if the conductor is in a circuit.
This is a basis for both passive magnetic and electromagnetic water conditioning. Lacking a circuit, any item within a stream of water that is not a perfect insulator, as well as the water itself, will, in the presence of a magnetic field, gain an electrical charge through this same inductive effect.
Unpurified intake water may include any variety of dissolved or undissolved content and the extent of charge on any individual particle or cluster will depend on its mass and how it is constituted.
One result of the coexistence of multiple masses and multiple charge levels is perturbation within the water flow as they are continually drawn to reorient themselves. This perturbation is a consequential agitation that leads to the fragmentation of weakly bonded clusters; those with flat, flake-like shapes are especially susceptible.
Where the nature of open bonds favors agglomeration, larger masses of stable compounds form by crystallization or other mechanisms; continued perturbation favors agglomeration by increasing the probabilistic profile of collision events where electrostatic charging and natural molecular bonding both favor unification.
The flake-like shapes of calcium compounds in intake water, before breaking up through perturbation, offer a relatively large surface area and relatively low mass, which can contribute to their accretion into lime scale deposits when they encounter those by contact.
Larger agglomerated structures in the moving water flow, especially of calcium, have higher mass and expose a smaller percentage of their total surface area on contact; simple momentum favors their continuing in the water flow rather than accreting to existing deposits. It is believe that their impact with existing deposits helps chip at them, and is one of the mechanisms for actually reducing any existing lime scale deposits in pipes or transitional pores.
The Moses effect addresses the deformation of the surface of certain liquids (including water) by strong magnetic fields and exhibits an interrelationship with surface tension. Empirically, the impact of strong magnetic fields on the surface tension of water is demonstrated as lasting for up to two days. The most economically significant result of reduced surface tension and reduced frictional coefficient losses of flowing water’s contact against itself and against piping; large-use field reports consistently cite the ability of standard pumps to consume significantly less power when moving equivalent volumes of magnetically exposed water as compared to water that has not been exposed to strong magnetic fields.
Lime scale sediments can form when the dissolved minerals in water become overconcentrated or when their solubility decreases. The mineral fragmentation within magnetically perturbated water increases the solubility of small particles; in turn, this mechanism allows existing sediments to dissolve back into the passing flow of water.
Unlike popular chemical softening treatments, there is no process of displacement of calcium by sodium in the physical conditioning of water by magnetism or electromagnetism. Sodium-compound content in the intake water may survive, but no sodium salts are introduced during magnetic conditioning.
Corrosive oxidation associated with sodium salts are significantly reduced or eliminated. Sodium leaching into soil that may tend to draw more fluid to a greater depth does not occur, allowing the achievement of better soil moisture levels at higher levels using much smaller volumes of water.
Successful treatment protocols are seen with both the magnetic fields of actual magnets and with those created by induction through the varying electronic modulation of a wound coil.
Electromagnetic induction of magnetic flux does not require modulation (DC voltage on a coil creates an electromagnet) but effective perturbation is enhanced through modulation, often a fast sweep of frequencies across the audio frequency spectrum repeated several times per second.
Since minerals and other dissolved solids within the water will be more responsive or resonate better at selected frequencies, this approach takes advantage of the variety of dissolved solids to create multiple small sources of perturbation.
Neodymium magnets statically produce very strong magnetic fields. Offset placement of magnets within a housing shift the orientation of exposure of strong magnetic fields within a single device as water flows through. This is more of a “brute force” approach to perturbation.
The net strength of a magnetic field has less impact on perturbation performance than does the magnetic flux rise strength over time.
Electromagnetic approaches use modulation to induce a larger number of smaller rises in magnetic flux. Static magnetic approaches use their stronger native magnetic field strength to induce a smaller number of larger rises in magnetic flux.
The two techniques are fully intercompatible and are often both deployed in a single application.
A planar cross-section of water that is in flow past a magnetic or electromagnetic treatment will be impacted differently by these two classes of water treatment. At any given instant, the flux impact of a static magnet will be very nearly the same while the varying flux impact of inductive flux from a modulated electromagnetic source may vary from having nearly zero effect to demonstrating strong perturbation. Shifting perspective across multiple such adjacent cross-sectional slices will show that the electromagnetic effect will cyclically vary from slice to slice across the length of the area of influence while the effect of the non-electromagnetic device’s array of strong static magnets will tend to create more predictable, quite similar influences on slices at specific positions. Where the modulation of the electromagnetically induced flux introduces continuing small shifts in charge distribution along the length of the water flow, the greater magnetism and fixed positions of the static array provide more transformational stability. In the dynamics of practical water deployment, this provides a somewhat more assured treatment outcome with static magnetic arrays as water flow rates vary.
Empirical results observed after the deployment of magnetic water conditioning consistently exhibit the following:
• No observable increase in lime scale deposits and, over time, an increasing reduction in remaining lime scale sediments
• Transmission of the total calcium-related content of intake water to its point of use
• Reduction of power consumption needed for pumping
• Enhanced suds and lather for water used in washing with soap or similar cleaners
• Improved soil moisture levels for plantings with smaller volumes of water applied
There’s a second factor at work in Magnation Water Technology.
The first factor, magnetism in concert with the Faraday Effect, separates water from the things that arrived with it – mostly dissolved solids, other liquids and gases. These agglomerate (cluster) into a form that is less likely to be dissolved back into the water.
The second factor is centrifugation (the Centrifuge Effect).
A centrifuge spins. The things being spun experience centrifugal force. The denser those things are, the greater the impact. So, centrifuges are common in many applications, from medical research to the dairy case at your grocer. Centrifuges are how a dairy can separate cream from whole milk, 2% milk, 1% milk and skim milk.
But that kind of centrifuge is a machine and requires power. Magnation Water Technology does the same trick using a little finesse and a lot of physics to get the flowing water to be its own centrifuge.
Here’s how it works. Inside, molded-in helical grooves (called rifling) work in conjunction with a slight downstream tapering (which increases pressure) to compel the water to spin in a vortex pattern as it passes through. In some products, molded internal fins further amplify the strength of the vortex.
Everything that was initially dissolved into the water, or even just riding along, comes under the grasp of the centrifugal force. Metaphorically, things get to swimming in their own lanes.
Whether those things are gases, other liquids, simple molecules or compounds, they’re not water.
Centrifugation separates what is water from what isn’t water.
That’s why the initial conditioning work performed by the magnets and the Faraday effect isn’t just temporary.
It’s also why Magnation Technology can be so effective at reducing chlorides, salinity and many of the other issues that untamed water tends to present.